Six Sigma Project Selection and Prioritization

What are Six Sigma Projects?

Six Sigma projects are a set of systematic and data-driven improvement initiatives. They primarily aim at reducing defects, errors, or variations in a process or product. The goal of Six Sigma is to achieve high levels of quality and efficiency in a business. The name “Six Sigma” comes from the statistical concept that measures how far a process deviates from perfection. A process achieving Six Sigma quality would have only 3.4 defects per million opportunities. In Six Sigma projects, the responsibility for leading and managing¬† falls primarily on a trained professional known as a “Six Sigma Black Belt” or a “Six Sigma Green Belt.” These individuals are experts in the Six Sigma methodology and tools, and they play a crucial role in driving the project to successful completion.

Six Sigma project selection involves a systematic process to identify and prioritize improvement projects that align with an organization’s strategic goals and objectives. Lean Six Sigma Projects are carefully chosen and prioritized to ensure maximum impact and improvement within an organization. In this article, we’ll explore how these projects are selected and prioritized.

six sigma project selection

Six Sigma project selection process:

1. Aligning with Organizational Goals:

The first step in selecting Lean Six Sigma projects is to align them with the organization’s overall goals and objectives. Consequently, this involves choosing projects that address specific challenges or opportunities which align with the organization’s strategic vision. By doing so, it ensures that resources are focused on areas crucial to the organization’s success.

2. Assessing Potential Impact:

Organizations analyze each project to determine its potential impact and benefits. By examining existing data, they identify areas where improvements can lead to cost savings, increased efficiency, or improved customer satisfaction.

3. Considering Resource Availability:

Project selection also takes into account the availability of resources. Organizations evaluate whether they have the necessary expertise, personnel, and technology to support the project. Moreover, they also consider the time and financial commitments required. Additionally, ensuring effective allocation of resources is important for executing the project.

4. Evaluating Feasibility and Complexity:

Next, feasibility and complexity are key factors in project selection. Organizations assess the level of difficulty, the changes required, and the associated risks. Consequently, this evaluation helps determine if organizations can be successfully execute the project within the their capabilities and limitations.

5. Stakeholder Involvement and Support:

The involvement and support of stakeholders play a vital role in project selection. Organizations assess the level of support from management, employees, and customers. Ultimately, projects with strong stakeholder support are more likely to succeed as they benefit from collective buy-in and collaboration.

6. Prioritizing Urgent Issues:

Organizations prioritize projects based on the urgency of the issues they address. In this sense, projects targeting critical problems or bottlenecks that hinder operations or cause customer dissatisfaction receive higher priority. This ensures immediate attention to areas requiring improvement.

7. Tools for Project Selection:

To aid in project selection and prioritization, organizations often use tools like project portfolio matrices or decision matrices. Moreover, these tools allow them to assess and compare multiple projects based on predefined criteria such as strategic alignment, impact, resource requirements, feasibility, and stakeholder support. Additionally, ranking or categorizing projects can assist in making informed decisions.


In summary, the selection and prioritization of Lean Six Sigma projects involve a systematic analysis of factors like strategic alignment, potential impact, resource availability, feasibility, stakeholder support, and urgency. By considering these aspects, organizations can identify and prioritize projects that offer the greatest benefits and align with their objectives. Additionally, this approach ensures effective resource allocation and improvement in areas that truly matter for the organization’s success.

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